Psychiatric Diseases - Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder that makes it difficult to :
• Tell the difference between real and unreal experiences
• Think logically
• Have normal emotional responses
• Behave normally in social situations
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Schizophrenia is a complex illness. Mental health experts are not sure what causes it. However, genetic factors appear to play a role. Certain environmental events may trigger schizophrenia in people who are genetically at risk for it. You are more likely to develop schizophrenia if you have a family member with the disease.
Schizophrenia affects both men and women equally. It usually begins in the teen years or young adulthood, but may begin later in life. It tends to begin later in women, and is more mild.
Childhood-onset schizophrenia begins after age 5. Childhood schizophrenia is rare and can be difficult to tell apart from other developmental disorders of childhood, such as autism.
Schizophrenia symptoms usually develop slowly over months or years. Sometimes you may have many symptoms, and at other times you may only have a few.
People with any type of schizophrenia may have difficulty keeping friends and working. They may also have problems with anxiety, depression, and suicidal thoughts or behaviors.
At first, you may have the following symptoms:
• Irritable or tense feeling
• Difficulty sleeping
• Difficulty concentrating
As the illness continues, problems with thinking, emotions and behavior develop, including :
• Lack of emotion (flat affect)
• Strongly held beliefs that are not based in reality (delusions)
• Hearing or seeing things that are not there (hallucinations)
• Problems paying attention
• Thoughts "jump" between unrelated topics ("loose associations")
• Bizarre behaviors
• Social isolation
• Symptoms can vary, depending on the type of schizophrenia you have.
Paranoid schizophrenia symptoms may include :
• Angry or argumentative
• False believes that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones.
Disorganized schizophrenia symptoms may include :
• Problems with thinking and expressing ideas clearly
• Childlike behavior
• Showing little emotion
Catatonic schizophrenia symptoms may include :
• Lack of activity
• Muscles and posture may be rigid
• Grimaces or other odd expressions on the face
• Does not respond much to other people
• Undifferentiated schizophrenia symptoms may include symptoms of more than one other type of schizophrenia
• People with residual schizophrenia have some symptoms, but not as many as those who are in a full-blown episode of schizophrenia
• To consult with Psychiatrist