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Psychiatric Diseases - Recurrent Depression

Major recurrent depression, a type of mood disorder, is the most severe category of depression. Though it is far more serious than typical depression, major recurrent depression can be treated on an outpatient basis.

Symptoms of Major Depression
The symptoms of major recurrent depression are recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation, or a suicide attempt, or a plan to commit suicide; the loss of interest in pleasurable in things or activities; a lessened ability to think or concentrate on a nearly day basis; irritability, hostility, aggression; indecisiveness; and feelings of hopeless or helplessness.

Causes of Major Recurrent Depression
There are many causes of major recurrent depression, including the death of a loved one, a family history of depression, unemployment and/or financial difficulties, low self-esteem, chronic illness, and the loss of a relationship.

Treatment
There are three classes of treatment for major recurrent depression: anti-depressant medications, psychotherapy, and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).

Anti-Depressant Medications
Anti-depressants are psychiatric drugs used to alleviate mood disorders, and include such drugs as monoamine oxidase inhibitors and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Anti-depressant medications almost always are prescribed to those suffering from major depression, and are found to be particularly effective when taken in conjunction with psychotherapy.